Tribhuwana Tunggadewi, Queen of Majapahit Conqueror of Southeast Asia

Tribhuwana Tunggadewi was the third ruler of the Majapahit Kingdom who ruled between 1328-1350 AD. After becoming queen, she received the title Sri Tribhuwanottunggadewi Maharajasa Jayawisnuwardhani.

During the reign of the queen, the Majapahit Kingdom was not completely peaceful because there were several rebellions. The rebellion was finally crushed with the help of Gajah Mada. Since then, Gajah Mada was appointed mahapatih and faithfully helped the queen to advance the Majapahit Kingdom.

Thanks to the courage, wisdom, and intelligence of Tribhuwana Tunggadewi, the expansion of the Majapahit Kingdom made rapid progress. Family lineage and descendants Tribhuwana Tunggadewi is the daughter of Raden Wijaya, the founder of the Majapahit Kingdom, from his wife named Gayatri. From the mother's side, the Queen is the grandson of Kertanegara, the last king of the Singasari Kingdom.

Tribhuwana Tunggadewi had a sibling named Dyah Wiyat or Rajadewi Maharajasa and a half-brother named Jayanagara, who became the second king of Majapahit. The queen was born with the name Sri Gitarja and was appointed as Bhre Kahuripan during the reign of Jayanagara.

Tribhuwana Tunggadewi actually wanted to be married by Jayanagara, but was not allowed by Gayatri. Because of that, Jayanagara once locked Tribhuwana Tunggadewi and Rajadewi so that no one would marry them. After

Jayanagara died in 1328, Tribhuwana Tunggadewi married Cakradhara or Kertawardhana Bhre Tumapel. From this marriage, she gave birth to Dyah Hayam Wuruk, who would later become king of Majapahit, and Dyah Nertaja.

The Reign of Tribhuwana Tunggadewi

In 1328, King Jayanagara died without leaving the crown prince. According to the Negarakertagama Book, Gayatri then ordered Tribhuwana Tunggadewi to succeed him to the throne. Because, Gayatri who should be able to inherit the Jayanagara throne has become a nun or Buddhist priest.

Tribhuwana Tunggadewi reigned as queen with her husband, Kertawardhana. At the beginning of his reign, namely in 1331, there was a rebellion of Sadeng and Keta. The two rebellions were finally quelled by Gajah Mada. For his services, Gajah Mada was then appointed Mahapatih, the second highest position after the king.

When appointed as mahapatih in 1334, Gajah Mada took the Palapa Oath. In his oath, Gajah Mada did not intend to receive any gifts or awards before successfully unifying the archipelago.

Since Tribhuwana Tunggadewi was accompanied by Gajah Mada, the prosperity of the kingdom has increased. To fulfill his oath, Gajah Mada helped the queen in expanding his territory to all corners of the archipelago. As a result, Bali and several kingdoms in the archipelago were conquered during the reign of Ratu Tribhuwana Tunggadewi.

Resign From Government.

Tribhuwana Tunggadewi's reign ended when his mother, Gayatri, died in 1350. Tribhuwana Tunggadewi resigned because he only ruled to represent his mother. After that, the royal throne passed to his son, Hayam Wuruk, who was only 16 years old at the time.

Nevertheless, he was still very actively involved in royal affairs. Tribhuwana Tunggadewi was later crowned Bhre Kahuripan and became a member of the Bhattara Saptaprabhu, the royal council of elders who gave advice to the king.

It is not known exactly when Tribhuwana Tunggadewi died, Pararaton only mentions that he died after 1371. Tribhuwana Tunggadewi was then didharmakan at the Pantarapura Temple located in Panggih Village, Trowulan, Mojokerto.

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